Current-Based Volume Integral Equation Formulation for Bianisotropic Materials

Pasi Ylä-Oijala, Johannes Markkanen, Seppo Järvenpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The electric and magnetic current volume integral equation formulation is developed for the electromagnetic scattering analysis of arbitrarily shaped 3-D bianisotropic objects. The eigenvalue spectrum of the operator is derived and analyzed in the case of bi-isotropic media. The effect of inhomogeneity and bianisotropy on the spectrum and convergence of iterative solutions is investigated numerically.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7471421
Pages (from-to)3470-3477
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Bianisotropic medium
  • eigenvalue spectrum
  • electromagnetic (EM) scattering
  • multilevel fast multipole algorithm (MLFMA)
  • numerical analysis
  • volume integral equation (VIE)


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