Crystal structure of [tris(4,4′-bipyridine)]diium bis(1,1,3,3-tetracyano-2-ethoxypropenide) trihydrate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Fatima Setifi
  • Arto Valkonen
  • Zouaoui Setifi
  • Sami Nummelin

  • Rachid Touzani
  • Christopher Glidewell

Research units

  • Universite Ferhat Abbas
  • University of St Andrews
  • University of Jyväskylä
  • Mohammed First University of Oujda


The title hydrated salt, C30H26N6 2+·2C9H5N4O-·3H2O, was obtained as an unexpected product from the hydrothermal reaction between potassium 1,1,3,3-tetracyano-2-ethoxypropenide, 4,4′-bipyridine and iron(II) sulfate heptahydrate. The cation lies across a twofold rotation axis in the space group I2/a with the other components all in general positions. In the cation, the H atom linking the pyridine units is disordered over two adjacent sites having occupancies of 0.66-(4) and 0.36-(4), i.e. as N - H⋯N and N⋯H - N. The water molecules of crystallization are each disordered over two sets of atomic sites, having occupancies of 0.522-(6) and 0.478-(6) for one, and 0.34-(3) and 0.16-(3) for the other, and it was not possible to reliably locate the H atoms associated with these partial-occupancy sites. In the crystal, four independent C - H⋯N hydrogen bonds link the ionic components into a three-dimensional network.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1246-1250
Number of pages5
JournalActa crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic communications
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • crystal structure, hydrogen bonding, hydrothermal synthesis, molecular structure, polynitrile anions

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