Cross polarization and aberrations with Dragonian and equivalent off-axis parabolic mirrors for beam collimation in THz imaging systems

Pouyan Rezapoor*, Aleksi Tamminen, Juha Ala-Laurinaho, Shahab Oddin Dabironezare, Nuria Llombart, Zachary Taylor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

The relative benefits of an offset Dragonian reflector compared to equivalent off-axis parabolic (OAP) mirrors for feeding collimated beam to a scanned beam imaging system are investigated. Physical-optics simulation of the Dragonian are performed at 500 GHz. The input is a Gaussian beam with a frequency dependent waist radius fit to the output of a standard Pickett-Potter horn. The collimated output beam properties are characterized, including cross-polarization, beam waist radius, Gaussicity, and M-squared parameter. Next, by sweeping the parameters of an OAP reflector (parent focal length and incidence angle) in the physical-optics simulations, we find the geometry in which the properties of the output beam best match the Dragonian geometry. This reflector is found to be an OAP with 108.22 mm parent focal length and 30. incidence angle. An additional OAP reflector is also considered in these simulations, which is the most often used 90. OAP. The parent focal length is 56.95 mm for this mirror, so that we have a similar beam waist radius in the detector plane. Finally, physical optics simulations reveal that the Dragonian geometry produces much smaller cross-polarization in the detector plane (-23 dB at the beam waist) in comparison with OAP reflector (being -14 dB and -8 dB for 30 degrees and 90 degrees off-axis mirrors, respectively). The 30. OAP reflector is able to produce similar beam quality in terms of phase variation, Gaussicity, and beam waist radius at the detector plane.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPASSIVE AND ACTIVE MILLIMETER-WAVE IMAGING XXV
EditorsDA Wikner, DA Robertson
PublisherSPIE
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)978-1-5106-5098-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventPassive and Active Millimeter-Wave Imaging - Orlando, United States
Duration: 3 Apr 202212 Jun 2022
Conference number: 25

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE
PublisherSPIE
Volume12111
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferencePassive and Active Millimeter-Wave Imaging
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period03/04/202212/06/2022

Keywords

  • Cross polarization
  • dragonian
  • off-axis parabolic
  • terahertz
  • REFLECTOR ANTENNAS

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