Creating nanoporous graphene with swift heavy ions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • H. Vázquez
  • E. H. Åhlgren
  • O. Ochedowski
  • A. A. Leino
  • R. Mirzayev
  • R. Kozubek
  • H. Lebius
  • M. Karlušic
  • M. Jakšic
  • A. V. Krasheninnikov
  • J. Kotakoski
  • M. Schleberger
  • K. Nordlund
  • F. Djurabekova

Research units

  • University of Helsinki
  • University of Nottingham
  • University of Duisburg-Essen
  • University of Vienna
  • École nationale supérieure d'ingénieurs de Caen
  • Ruder Boskovic Institute
  • Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
  • National University of Science and Technology "MISiS"


We examine swift heavy ion-induced defect production in suspended single layer graphene using Raman spectroscopy and a two temperature molecular dynamics model that couples the ionic and electronic subsystems. We show that an increase in the electronic stopping power of the ion results in an increase in the size of the pore-type defects, with a defect formation threshold at 1.22–1.48 keV/layer. We also report calculations of the specific electronic heat capacity of graphene with different chemical potentials and discuss the electronic thermal conductivity of graphene at high electronic temperatures, suggesting a value in the range of 1 Wm−1 K−1. These results indicate that swift heavy ions can create nanopores in graphene, and that their size can be tuned between 1 and 4 nm diameter by choosing a suitable stopping power.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-518
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

ID: 10357431