Coupling of Characteristic Modes on PEC and Lossy Dielectric Structures

Pasi Ylä-Oijala*, Anu Lehtovuori, Henrik Wallén, Ville Viikari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


The surface integral equation-based theory of characteristic modes (TCM) is presented for structures including perfect electric conductors (PECs) and lossy dielectric bodies. The formulation is a combination of the classical TCM formulation for PEC structures and a recently developed one for penetrable bodies. The potential of the methodology for practical antenna design problems is demonstrated by studying the coupling of the modes on a PEC plate (antenna ground plane) and an adjacent highly lossy dielectric block (user's hand). This analysis reveals the existence of different types of modes having weak or strong interactions between PEC and dielectric parts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8616833
Pages (from-to)2565-2573
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Characteristic modes
  • dielectric structure
  • losses
  • mobile handset antenna
  • surface integral equation (SIE)


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