Counterdiabatic vortex pump in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates

T. Ollikainen, S. Masuda, M. Möttönen, M. Nakahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
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Topological phase imprinting is a well-established technique for deterministic vortex creation in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates of alkali-metal atoms. It was recently shown that counterdiabatic quantum control may accelerate vortex creation in comparison to the standard adiabatic protocol and suppress the atom loss due to nonadiabatic transitions. Here we apply this technique, assisted by an optical plug, for vortex pumping to theoretically show that sequential phase imprinting up to 20 cycles generates a vortex with a very large winding number. Our method significantly increases the fidelity of the pump for rapid pumping compared to the case without the counterdiabatic control, leading to the highest angular momentum per particle reported to date for the vortex pump. Our studies are based on numerical integration of the three-dimensional multicomponent Gross-Pitaevskii equation, which conveniently yields the density profiles, phase profiles, angular momentum, and other physically important quantities of the spin-1 system. Our results motivate the experimental realization of the vortex pump and studies of the rich physics it involves.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013615
Pages (from-to)1-7
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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