Cost optimal energy performance renovation measures in a municipal service building in a cold climate

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Research units

  • Finnish Environment Institute
  • Tampere University of Technology
  • Nanjing Tech University


The energy saving potential of existing buildings is significant compared to new buildings in the EU region. To reduce significantly the CO2 emissions of buildings, energy efficiency of old buildings need to be improved. Aim of this study is to determine cost-optimal solutions for energy renovation and renewable energy production systems for an old existing service building. The example building of this study is a residence for elderly people, which was built in 1955 and located in Finland. This study was carried out by a dynamic building simulation tool IDA-ICE and multi objective optimization tool MOBO. The cost-optimal renovation concepts were determined from over 2.6 billion renovation measure combinations to minimize both target energy consumption and life-cycle costs over 20 years. The results show that air-to-water heat pump is more cost effective heating system for the studied building than district heating from the building owner point of view. Improving thermal insulation level of the external walls from the original level is not the most cost-effective option to improve the energy efficiency of the building. Instead of that, for example, installation of PV and solar thermal systems are recommended in all the cost-optimal solutions regardless of the target energy consumption level.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCLIMA 2019 Congress, 26th-29th May, 2019, Bucharest, Romania
Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventREHVA World Congress - Bucharest, Romania
Duration: 26 May 201929 May 2019
Conference number: 13

Publication series

NameE3S Web of Conferences
PublisherEDP Sciences
ISSN (Print)2555-0403
ISSN (Electronic)2267-1242


ConferenceREHVA World Congress
Abbreviated titleCLIMA

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