Cost model for a 5G smart light pole network

O. Landertshamer, J. Benseny, H. Hämmäinen, P. Wainio

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
369 Downloads (Pure)


The adoption of 5G smart light poles can facilitate the massive deployment of communications equipment in the urban environment, accelerating the advent of new smart city services. In this article, we define a cost model for a 5G smart light pole network that includes (1) four pole configurations with different hardware components, (2) a grid-based deployment structure that assigns poles to zones with different demand requirements, and (3) the evolution of key cost items due to prototype improvement, volume sale discounts, and price erosion. The model estimates the total deployment cost (TDC), including capital and operational expenses. We estimate a TDC of 4.84 M€/km 2 for a minimum deployment providing uniform coverage of basic services. We also estimate a TDC of 6.57 M€/km 2 for a massive deployment providing heterogeneous coverage of advanced services. These values can potentially decrease to 3.23 M€/km 2 and 4.05M€/km 2 when cost evolution is considered. Although more than 30 % cost reduction might be possible, this is mainly caused by the improvement of prototype components, given that public works are less sensible to cost evolution. Therefore, we recommend cities to promptly start civil works and to select upgrade-able pole designs.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 CTTE-FITCE: Smart Cities & Information and Communication Technology
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-2121-5
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventSmart Cities and Information and Communication Technology - Ghent, Belgium
Duration: 25 Sept 201927 Sept 2019


ConferenceSmart Cities and Information and Communication Technology
Abbreviated titleCTTE-FITCE


  • Smart city
  • 5G
  • small cells
  • smart light poles


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