Cost-Benefit Analysis of Electric Bus Fleet with Various Operation Intervals

Jari Vepsäläinen, Francesco Baldi, Antti Lajunen, Klaus Kivekäs, Kari Tammi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
155 Downloads (Pure)


Electric buses are particularly suitable for city and suburban routes due to zero local exhaust and noise emissions. The operation schedule interval defines the charging power, bus fleet size and total cost of ownership of a bus. We propose a novel cost-benefit method for the scheduling of an electric city bus fleet on a single route. Three different charging infrastructure scenarios were considered. In the first scenario, only one charging station was used. The second scenario considered two charging stations that were located at the same terminus. In the third scenario, two charging stations were located at opposite terminuses. The costs and utilization rates of the buses were analyzed with operation intervals up to 40 minutes. The first scenario with a single charging station had the lowest costs for the entire bus fleet system when the utilization rate was considered. Furthermore, the results show that certain schedule intervals are more cost-beneficial in terms of vehicle specific life-cycle costs than others. In the future, the proposed method is expanded to aid the design of bus network scheduling under energy demand uncertainty.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-0323-5
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-0321-1
Publication statusPublished - 3 Nov 2018
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems - Maui, United States
Duration: 4 Nov 20187 Nov 2018
Conference number: 21


ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Abbreviated titleITSC
CountryUnited States


  • Electric Vehicles
  • Infrastructure for Charging
  • Communication and Controls
  • Planning


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