Correlation-enabled energy exchange in quantum systems without external driving

T. Pyhäranta, S. Alipour*, A. T. Rezakhani, T. Ala-Nissila

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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We study the role of correlation in mechanisms of energy exchange between an interacting bipartite quantum system and its environment by decomposing the energy of the system to local and correlation-related contributions. When the system Hamiltonian is time independent, no external work is performed. In this case, energy exchange between the system and its environment occurs only due to the change in the state of the system. We investigate the possibility of a special case where the energy exchange with the environment occurs exclusively due to changes in the correlation between the constituent parts of the bipartite system, while their local energies remain constant. We find sufficient conditions for preserving local energies. It is proven that under these conditions and within the Gorini-Kossakowski-Lindblad-Sudarshan dynamics this scenario is not possible for all initial states of the bipartite system. Nevertheless, since the sufficient conditions can be too strong, it is still possible to find special cases for which the local energies remain unchanged during the associated evolution and the whole energy exchange is only due to the change in the correlation energy. We illustrate our results with an example.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022204
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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