Correlation between sp3-to-sp2 Ratio and Surface Oxygen Functionalities in Tetrahedral Amorphous Carbon (ta-C) Thin Film Electrodes and Implications of Their Electrochemical Properties

S. Sainio, D. Nordlund, M.A. Caro , R. Gandhiraman, J. Koehne, N. Wester, J. Koskinen, M. Meyyappan, T. Laurila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Detailed information about the physicochemical properties of a given surface is important in order to understand and predict the performance of materials in electrochemical applications. Here we present a detailed X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of two different tetrahedral amorphous-carbon (ta-C) thin films and their subsequent electrochemical characterization. The results show marked differences in ta-C surface and bulk properties, namely differences in the amount of surface functional groups and their sp3/sp2 ratios, respectively. In particular, the variation in the oxygen content of the surface leads to significantly different behavior in electrochemical measurements, such as a 10-fold increase in sensitivity for dopamine and stronger response to ascorbic acid. Results of the surface properties were further analyzed by simulations carried out within the framework of density functional theory (DFT) as well as by utilizing Raman spectroscopy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8298-8304
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume120
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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