Coordination protocol for inter-operator spectrum sharing based on spectrum usage favors

Bikramjit Singh, Konstantinos Koufos, Olav Tirkkonen

Research output: Working paperProfessional


Currently, mobile network operators are allocated spectrum bands on an exclusive basis. While this approach facilitates interference control, it may also result in low spectrum utilization efficiency. Inter-operator spectrum sharing is a potential method to enhance spectrum utilization. In order to realize it, a protocol to coordinate the actions of operators is needed. We propose a spectrum sharing protocol which is distributed in nature, it does not require operator-specific information exchange and it incurs minimal communication overhead between the operators. Operators are still free to decide whether they share spectrum or not as the protocol is based on the book keeping of spectrum usage favors, asked and received by the operators. We show that operators can enhance their QoS in comparison with traditional orthogonal spectrum allocation while also maintaining reciprocity i.e. no operator benefits over the other in the long run. We demonstrate the usability of the proposed protocol in an indoor deployment scenario with frequent network load variations as expected to have in small cell deployments.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study


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