Convex Model for Estimation of Single-Phase Photovoltaic Impact on Existing Voltage Unbalance in Distribution Networks

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Abstract

Due to the increasing adoption of solar power generation, voltage unbalance estimation gets more attention in sparsely populated rural networks. This paper presents a Monte Carlo simulation augmented with convex mixed-integer quadratic programming to estimate voltage unbalance and maximum photovoltaic penetration. Additionally, voltage unbalance attenuation by proper phase allocation of photovoltaic plants is analysed. Single-phase plants are simulated in low-voltage distribution networks and voltage unbalance is evaluated as a contribution of measured background and photovoltaic-caused unbalance. Voltage unbalance is calculated in accordance with EN 50160 and takes into account 10-minute average values with 5% tolerance condition. Results of the optimization revealed substantial unbalance attenuation with optimal phase selection and increased potential of local generation hosting capacity in case of higher background unbalance.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8884
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalAPPLIED SCIENCES
Volume10
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Convex model
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Voltage unbalance

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