Controlled feeding of lignocellulosic substrate enhances the performance of fed-batch enzymatic hydrolysis in a stirred tank reactor

Ville Hermanni Sotaniemi*, Sanna Taskila, Heikki Ojamo, Juha Tanskanen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High initial viscosity in the high-solids (>15% (w/v)) enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulose is problematic especially in stirred tank reactor concepts. One potential way to avoid the high viscosity is the fed-batch feeding of lignocellulosic material to the reactor. In the current study the hydrolysis of filter paper with final concentration of 19.1% (w/w) was evaluated with different fed-batch procedures. Feeding was based on visual observation, stepwise feeding and the power requirement of the stirrer motor. All the fed-batch procedures resulted in similar yields within 30 h (47-49%) which were higher than with the batch process in similar reactor (38%). However, the mixing behavior was superior in the power based feeding as the instantaneous power of the stirrer motor was kept lower (20 W). The power controlled procedure was further evaluated with different enzyme doses, tip speeds and the power levels of substrate feed. Further study showed that the power controlled feeding is applicable also to other hydrolysis and mixing conditions if power levels of substrate feed are set correctly. Higher (15 FPU/g) enzyme dose caused shorter feeding time (3.0 ± 0.5 h) and lower energy consumption during the feeding period (14 ± 3 Wh) compared with lower (5 FPU/g) enzyme dose (7.0 ± 1.3 h and 33 ± 5 Wh, respectively). The tip speed and the power level of substrate feed had fewer effect on these factors. The performance of the hydrolysis process can thus be enhanced by the substrate feed controlled by the power of the stirrer motor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Volume91
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Enzymatic hydrolysis
  • Fed-batch
  • High-solids loadings
  • Mixing
  • Power based feeding

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