Constructing arabinofuranosidases for dual arabinoxylan debranching activity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Weijun Wang
  • Nikola Andric
  • Cody Sarch
  • Bruno T. Silva
  • Maija Tenkanen
  • Emma Master

Research units

  • University of Toronto
  • University of Helsinki


Enzymatic conversion of arabinoxylan requires α-L-arabinofuranosidases able to remove α-L-arabinofuranosyl residues (α-L-Araf) from both mono- and double-substituted D-xylopyranosyl residues (Xylp) in xylan (i.e., AXH-m and AXH-d activity). Herein, SthAbf62A (a family GH62 α-L-arabinofuranosidase with AXH-m activity) and BadAbf43A (a family GH43 α-L-arabinofuranosidase with AXH-d3 activity), were fused to create SthAbf62A_BadAbf43A and BadAbf43A_SthAbf62A. Both fusion enzymes displayed dual AXH-m,d and synergistic activity toward native, highly branched wheat arabinoxylan (WAX). When using a customized arabinoxylan substrate comprising mainly α-(1 → 3)-L-Araf and α-(1 → 2)-L-Araf substituents attached to disubstituted Xylp (d-2,3-WAX), the specific activity of the fusion enzymes was twice that of enzymes added as separate proteins. Moreover, the SthAbf62A_BadAbf43A fusion removed 83% of all α-L-Araf from WAX after a 20 hr treatment. 1H NMR analyses further revealed differences in SthAbf62A_BadAbf43 rate of removal of specific α-L-Araf substituents from WAX, where 9.4 times higher activity was observed toward d-α-(1 → 3)-L-Araf compared to m-α-(1 → 3)-L-Araf positions.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-49
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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