Enzymatic conversion of arabinoxylan requires α-L-arabinofuranosidases able to remove α-L-arabinofuranosyl residues (α-L-Araf) from both mono- and double-substituted D-xylopyranosyl residues (Xylp) in xylan (i.e., AXH-m and AXH-d activity). Herein, SthAbf62A (a family GH62 α-L-arabinofuranosidase with AXH-m activity) and BadAbf43A (a family GH43 α-L-arabinofuranosidase with AXH-d3 activity), were fused to create SthAbf62A_BadAbf43A and BadAbf43A_SthAbf62A. Both fusion enzymes displayed dual AXH-m,d and synergistic activity toward native, highly branched wheat arabinoxylan (WAX). When using a customized arabinoxylan substrate comprising mainly α-(1 → 3)-L-Araf and α-(1 → 2)-L-Araf substituents attached to disubstituted Xylp (d-2,3-WAX), the specific activity of the fusion enzymes was twice that of enzymes added as separate proteins. Moreover, the SthAbf62A_BadAbf43A fusion removed 83% of all α-L-Araf from WAX after a 20 hr treatment. 1H NMR analyses further revealed differences in SthAbf62A_BadAbf43 rate of removal of specific α-L-Araf substituents from WAX, where 9.4 times higher activity was observed toward d-α-(1 → 3)-L-Araf compared to m-α-(1 → 3)-L-Araf positions.
Wang, W., Andric, N., Sarch, C., Silva, B. T., Tenkanen, M., & Master, E. R. (2018). Constructing arabinofuranosidases for dual arabinoxylan debranching activity. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 115(1), 41-49. https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.26445