Considering optimal lifetimes for LED lamps: A mixed approach and policy implications

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


  • J.L. Richter
  • C. Dalhammar
  • Leena Tähkämö

Research units

  • Lund University


Ecodesign policy for energy-using products so far has tended to focus on the energy efficiency requirements, but there is increasing interest in durability requirements as well. This exploratory study analyses whether and when long lifetimes are preferable when considering the trade-offs between durability and other important parameters such as costs and environmental impacts, examining the case of LED lamps. This is an interesting product group to examine because of the improving lumen efficiency of the technology as well as the increasing emphasis on lifetimes by both producers and policymakers. This research integrates both economic and environmental approaches to examine optimal lifetimes in the case of LED lamps. The first part of the research utilised an optimised least lifecycle cost (LCC) model of LED household lamps for sale in a Swedish online market, finding that optimal lifetimes were in the range of 25000–30000 hours for these lamps. However, this modelling did not consider dynamic factors such as changing prices and efficiencies. This study took the case of 800 lumen lamps to consider these factors, utilising both LCC scenarios, varying lifetime, purchase prices, energy cost and efficiency as well as LCA scenarios, varying electricity mix and lifetimes. The mixed approach demonstrates that different conclusions can be reached depending on the approach and the assumptions used. The merits and possible future improvements of these approaches for approximating optimal lifetimes of LED lamps are discussed based on preliminary findings. Lastly, the implications of the findings for further development of durability requirements and other policies are briefly discussed.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProduct Lifetimes and The Environment Conference Proceedings, PLATE 2017
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 9: Product Lifetimes And The Environment
EditorsConny A. Bakker, Ruth Mugge
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventProduct Lifetimes and the Environment - Delft Technical University, Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 8 Nov 201710 Nov 2017
Conference number: 2

Publication series

NameResearch in Design Series
PublisherIOS Press
ISSN (Print)1569-7258
ISSN (Electronic)1879-8233


ConferenceProduct Lifetimes and the Environment
Abbreviated titlePLATE
Internet address

    Research areas

  • Durability, Lifetime, LEDs, Life cycle assessment, Life cycle cost

Download statistics

No data available

ID: 16274952