We introduce quantitative measures for the description of the electric and magnetic coherence in a stationary, random electromagnetic field at two points, in a volume, and in the Fourier space. These quantities are applied to free electromagnetic fields, and several theorems regarding the relationship between the two types of coherences in such fields are established. Fields which are statistically homogeneous, and those which, in addition, are statistically isotropic are considered separately. Furthermore, the connection between the electric and magnetic coherence is exemplified for some specific statistically homogeneous fields.
- Coherence theory
- Electromagnetic theory