Computational study of formation effects on paper strength

M.J. Korteoja, Ari Lukkarinen, Kimmo Kaski, Kaarlo J. Niskanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


An elastic-plastic continuum mechanical model is employed to study the significance of formation-like nonuniformity on the strength properties of paper. The variability of local strains is computed for realistic specimen sizes and shown to differ from the analytical approximation by Dodson. The decrease in strength with either increasing flocculation intensity or increasing specimen size is studied in detail. When the flocculation intensity is constant, the tensile strength of the model paper decreases to a finite limiting value for square specimens of increasing size, but to zero for constant-width specimens of increasing length. At the same time the variability of local strains is almost the same in the two cases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)J18-J22
JournalJournal of Pulp and Paper Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • flocculation
  • formation
  • mechanical properties
  • models
  • paper structure
  • simulation
  • strains


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