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We demonstrate the fabrication of in-situ crystalline thin films of various azobenzene (AZO) based metal-organic structures using the atomic/molecular layer deposition (ALD/MLD) technique; these are highly intriguing materials as azobenzene is one of the prototype organic molecules experiencing photoisomerization. Our Li-, Ca and Fe-AZO thin films deposited from Li(thd) (thd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedione), Ca(thd)2, FeCl3 and azobenzene-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid precursors in the temperature range of 250-360 °C exhibit metal-AZO structures not known from bulk samples. In all these structures, the AZO linker molecules are free to undergo the characteristic trans-cis photoisomerization reaction upon UV (360 nm) irradiation. However, this lowers the degree of crystallinity. To address the issue, we investigate hetero-organic structures where TPA (terephthalic acid) is used as another linker component together with AZO. This allows the trans-cis reaction of the AZO moieties to occur without compromising the film crystallinity. Finally, we demonstrate the growth of MOF-on-MOF type Ca-ADA@Ca-TPA thin films also showing the efficient photoisomerization reaction.
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- 2 Finished
01/09/2016 → 31/08/2020
Project: Academy of Finland: Other research funding
Mustonen, O., Penttinen, J., Tripathi, T., Jin, H., Khayyami, A., Thomas, C., Ahvenniemi, E., Heiska, J., Medina, E., Ghazy, A., Hagen, D., Lepikko, S., Karppinen, M., Aleksandrova, I., Haggren, A., Nisula, M., Johansson, L., Tiittanen, T., Giedraityte, Z., Krahl, F., Marin, G., Chou, T., Niemelä, J., Srivastava, D., Safdar, M. & Philip, A.
23/12/2013 → 31/01/2019
Project: EU: ERC grants