Compatibilization of polyethylene terephthalate/polypropylene blends with styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene (SEBS) block copolymers

Markku Heino*, Jouni Kirjava, Pirjo Hietaoja, Jukka Seppälä

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    136 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Blends of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polypropylene (PP) at compositions 20/80 and 80/20 were modified with three different styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene (SEBS) triblock copolymers with the aim of improving the compatibility and in particular the toughness of the blends. The compatibilizers involved an unfunctionalized SEBS and two functionalized grades containing either maleic anhydride (SEBS-g-MAH) or glycidyl methacrylate (SEBS-g-GMA) grafted to the midblock. The effects of the compatibilizers were evaluated by studies on morphology and mechanical, thermal and rheological properties of the blends. The additon of 5 wt % of a SEBS copolymer was found to stabilize the blend morphology and to improve the impact strength. The effect was, however, far more pronounced with the functionalized copolymers. Particularly high toughness combined with rather high stiffness was achieved with SEBS-g-GMA for the PET-rich composition. Addition of the functionalized SEBS copolymers resulted in a finer dispersion of the minor phase and clearly improved interfacial adhesion. Shifts in the glass transition temperature of the PET phase and increase in the melt viscosity of the compatibilized blends indicated enhanced interactions between the discrete PET and PP phases induced by the functionalized compatibilizer, in particular SEBS-g-GMA.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)241-249
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
    Volume65
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 11 Jul 1997
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • Compatibilization
    • Polyethylene terephthalate
    • Polymer blend
    • Polypropylene
    • Styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene block copolymer

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