Comparison of the effects of wet straining and refining on the fracture properties of paper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Gongde Zhang
  • Eero Hiltunen
  • Jaakko E Laine
  • Hannu Paulapuro
  • Heikki Kettunen
  • Kaarlo Niskanen

Research units


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-49
JournalNordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • damage width, drying, ECF pulp, fracture energy, pull-out length, wet straining

ID: 2415945