Comparison of the effects of wet straining and refining on the fracture properties of paper

Gongde Zhang, Eero Hiltunen, Jaakko E Laine, Hannu Paulapuro, Heikki Kettunen, Kaarlo Niskanen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)45-49
    JournalNordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2002
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • damage width
    • drying
    • ECF pulp
    • fracture energy
    • pull-out length
    • wet straining

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