Comparison of model surfaces for cellulose interactions: Elevated pH

E. Poptoshev, A. Carambassis, M. Österberg, P. M. Claesson, M. W. Rutland*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)


    Two different substrates have been used to measure interaction forces between cellulose and between cellulose and glass at normal and high pH. Forces between microspheres of cellulose (r = 20-30 μm) have been measured using the colloidal probe atomic force microscopy technique. Interactions between Langmuir-Blodgett cellulose films on a hydrophobised mica substrate and a glass sphere have been determined with the noninterferometric surface force apparatus. Also, the interaction between two identical Langmuir-Blodgett cellulose films determined with the interferometric surface force apparatus is given for comparison. At low pH (5.5-6) the interaction at large separations in both systems is characterised by a double-layer repulsion with an electrosteric contribution dominating the shorter-range regime. At pH 10, the Langmuir-Blodgett cellulose film swells considerably, which generates a long-range steric repulsion. In many cases several inward steps have been observed in the force-distance curves. We attribute this to a sudden partial collapse of the swollen cellulose film. After initial compression of the steric layer (upon consecutive force runs) the long-range interaction is again dominated by a double-layer force. In contrast, measurements between two cellulose spheres have shown no excessive swelling. Only a limited increase (from about 10 nm to about 20 nm per surface) of the range of the electrosteric repulsion has been found at pH 10. The force at longer distances is in good agreement with the Poisson-Boltzmann theory, with the surface potential increasing with pH as expected.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSurface and Colloid Science
    EditorsValderamas Razumas, Björn Lindman, Tommy Nylander
    PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-540-44941-6
    ISBN (Print)978-3-540-67814-4
    Publication statusPublished - 2000
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventNordic-Baltic Meeting on Surface and Colloid Science - Vilnius, Lithuania
    Duration: 21 Aug 199925 Aug 1999
    Conference number: 1

    Publication series

    NameProgress in Colloid and Polymer Science
    PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
    ISSN (Print)0340-255X


    ConferenceNordic-Baltic Meeting on Surface and Colloid Science


    • Cellulose
    • Paper
    • Surface forces
    • Surface interactions


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