Comparison of different methods for measuring strain induced α′-martensite content in austenitic steels

Juho Talonen*, P. Aspegren, Hannu Hänninen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

276 Citations (Scopus)


Several techniques for measuring the strain induced α′- martensite content in EN 1.4318 (AISI 301LN) and EN 1.4301 (AISI 304) austenitic stainless steels were compared in order to determine a correlation curve between Ferritescope measurement results and actual α′-martensite contents. The studied methods involved Satmagan measurement, magnetic balance measurement, X-ray diffraction, density measurement and quantitative optical metallography. Satmagan, magnetic balance and density measurements were found to give equal α′-martensite contents. X-ray diffraction results were affected by the texture but averaging of several diffraction peaks improved the reliability of the results. It was shown that α′-martensite can be detected by means of optical metallography, but quantitative analysis is time consuming and inaccurate. The relationship between the Ferritescope results and actual α′-martensite contents measured with the other techniques was found to be linear. According to the results, the Ferritescope readings can be converted to actual α′-martensite contents by multiplying with a correction factor of 1·7.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1506-1512
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Science and Technology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Austenitic stainless steel
  • Ferritescope
  • Strain induced martensite


Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of different methods for measuring strain induced α′-martensite content in austenitic steels'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this