Comparing the Methods of A3 and Canvas

Lauri Koskela, Rafaella D. Broft, Ergo Pikas, Algan Tezel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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The method of A3, which originated in the framework of the Toyota Production System, is used for collaborative problem solving, status reporting, and presenting proposals. It is now widely used as a part of the implementation of lean in different industries. In turn, the Canvas method was initially developed, through academic research, for generating business models, but over time it has been generalised for many other situations. In subsequent research, design principles for Canvases have been developed. The use of the Canvas method has rapidly increased in practice. As these two methods seem to have similarities regarding application areas and working principles, it is of interest to compare them. The following questions are addressed: How are these two methods similar and dissimilar? Are there underlying theories that could shed new light on both methods? A better understanding of these methods, both theoretically and practically, might be beneficial for their use in different contexts and scenarios. Especially, enhanced mastery of these methods would be instrumental for collaborative resolution of the well-known problems in construction.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication28th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction (IGLC)
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventAnnual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction - Berkeley, United States
Duration: 6 Jul 202012 Jul 2020
Conference number: 28

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction
ISSN (Electronic)2309-0979


ConferenceAnnual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction
Abbreviated titleIGLC
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • lean construction
  • A3 method
  • canvas method
  • visual management
  • theory


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