Comparing stiffness of solid and scaffold nano-TiO2 structures produced by material extrusion method
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
The sample specimens were sintered in a furnace at three different temperatures, namely-1200 °C, 1250 and 1300 °C- for 4 h. The sintering procedure caused shrinkage in all dimensions and the maximum shrinkage (57.5%) was observed in the direction perpendicular to the work plate. The morphology of the sintered samples was analyzed via scanning electron microscopy. This revealed that increasing the sintering temperature increased the grain size and decreased porosity. For example, the porosity of the samples sintered at 1300 °C was 20% less than that of samples sintered at 1200 °C. Uniaxial compression tests showed that scaffold structures had a lower stiffness than their solid counterparts, and the decrease in stiffness was comparable to the reduction in cross-sectional area. The elastic modulus of TiO2 produced here by material extrusion was between 2.08–5.90 GPa, which is close to the elastic modulus of high density cancellous bone at 0.8–1.5 GPa. This is an important advantage as minimizing the mismatch in stiffness between bone and implant is critical to avoid problems such as stress shielding and bone resorption.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- Titanium dioxide (TiO), 3D printing, Scaffold structure, Additive manufacturing, Ceramic