Comparative study of cellulosic components isolated from different Eucalyptus species

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Researchers

Research units

  • Universidad de Concepcion

Abstract

Seven selected Eucalyptus varieties grown under the same conditions were collected to investigate the relationships between specie type and cellulose composition as well as structural and thermo-chemical properties. This systematic investigation used E. badjensis, E. benthamii, E. dunnii, E. globulus, E. nitens, E. smithii and two hybrids, E. nitens x E. globulus, from which holocellulose and alpha-cellulose were isolated. The results indicated no significant correlation between the molecular fingerprints and higher order structural features (crystallinity via X-ray diffraction, CrI XRD). Compared to the cellulosic source, the same techniques revealed higher CrI for the isolated holocellulose. The opposite applied to the CrI of alpha-cellulose. CrI spanned the range between 39 and 55%, and crystallite sizes spanned 1.8-4.4 nm range. The cellulose from the Eucalyptus samples displayed distinctive chemical fingerprints and thermal degradation (thermogravimetric analysis, TGA), the latter of which occurred in a wide range of temperature, between 338 and 369 A degrees C. Most remarkably, a significant correlation was observed between CrI XRD and TGA from the wood samples. Moreover, the thermal degradation of alpha-cellulose correlated strongly with the crystallite size. In wood and holocellulose samples, E. badjensis and E. smithii showed the lowest CrI and thermal degradation of cellulose, while En x Eg hybrids showed the highest values. Alpha-cellulose from E. dunni underwent the highest thermal degradation and E. smithii displayed the highest CrI. Such differences are expected to be relevant to the processing and quality of cellulose derivatives, a subject that is yet to be evaluated.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1011-1029
Number of pages19
JournalCellulose
Volume25
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • Cellulose, Eucalyptus species, FTIR, X-ray diffraction, Thermogravimetry, Crystallinity, Crystallite size, X-RAY-DIFFRACTION, OH VALENCY RANGE, INFRARED-SPECTRA, CRYSTALLINE POLYSACCHARIDES, NATIVE CELLULOSES, SODIUM-HYDROXIDE, KRAFT PULP, GLOBULUS GENOTYPES, THERMAL-PROPERTIES, FTIR SPECTROSCOPY

ID: 27673225