Commercialising reclaimed materials in earthworks – guidelines for productization and the process of appending these materials in the Finnish national code of practice

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


  • Kirsi Koivisto
  • Juha Forsman
  • Marjo Ronkainen
  • Pentti Lahtinen
  • Pauli Kolisoja
  • Pirjo Kuula

Research units

  • Ramboll Finland Oy
  • Tampere University of Technology


To decrease the use of non-renewable natural resources as well as environmental effects of earthworks, natural aggregate materials can be replaced with recycled materials acquired from surplus soil, industrial by-products and waste, etc. When wishing to increase the usage of these reclaimed materials (=“UUMA”- material), the usage must be straightforward for developers, designers and constructors alike. To make this possible, the materials must have design guidelines for their appropriate applications, they must be productized and CE marked or otherwise authorized, and the construction guidelines for the materials must be included in the Finnish general specifications for infrastructural construction works (InfraRYL). As productization is especially important in increasing the usage of UUMA-materials, guidelines for vendors are being drawn that present information on commercializing reclaimed materials to be used in earthworks. The guidelines for productization are being prepared in the Finnish national UUMA2 program (2013-2017,, which was created to promote the use of recycled materials in earthworks.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 17th Nordic Geotechnical Meeting Reykjavik Iceland
Subtitle of host publicationChallenges in Nordic Geotechnic 25th - 28th of May
Publication statusPublished - 25 May 2016
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventNordic Geotechnical Meeting: Challenges in Nordic Geotechnic - Harpa, Reykjavik, Iceland
Duration: 25 May 201628 May 2016
Conference number: 17


ConferenceNordic Geotechnical Meeting
Abbreviated titleNGM
OtherThe aim of the conference is to strengthen the relationships between practicing engineers, researchers and scientists within the fields of geotechnics, geotechnical engineering and engineering geology with special emphasis on the Nordic region.
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    Research areas

  • recycled materials, by-products, waste, Productization, earthworks, guidelines

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