Combined spin-mass vortex with soliton tail superfluid 3He-B

Y. Kondo, J.S. Korhonen, M. Krusius, V. Dmitriev, E. Thuneberg, G. Volovik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)


We have observed spin-mass vortices (SMV) in superfluid 3B. The SMV is a combined topological object made up of a vortex line with mass current and a disclination line with spin current. It is also a termination line of a planar defect, the so-called θ soliton. The SMVs are bound either as pairs or to the container wall by the soliton. They are nucleated when a rotating 3He sample cools slowly through the A→B phase transition. The identification of the SMV is based on the NMR signatures of the soliton.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3331-3334
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 1992
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • quantized vortex lines
  • quantum fluids
  • spin current vortex


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