Collision risk factors analysis model for icebreaker assistance in ice-covered waters

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Research units

  • Wuhan University of Technology
  • National Engineering Research Center for Water Transport Safety (WTS) WoTS


With the global warming and a large amount of sea ice melting, the available Arctic Sea Route has greatly enhanced the value of Arctic shipping. Ship operations under icebreaker assistance have become an essential way to facilitate the safe navigation of merchant vessels sailing through the Arctic Sea Route in ice-covered waters, but they can also put the crew and the ship in danger caused by a possible collision between the assisted ship and the icebreaker. In this paper, a dedicated Human and Organizational Factors (HoFs) model of ship collision accidents between an assisted ship and an icebreaker is developed and analyzed with the aim to identify and classify collision risk factors. A modified model of the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) for collision accidents between a ship and an icebreaker in ice-covered waters is proposed, which helps to analyze ship collision reports. An important guidance for the risk control of ship collisions during icebreaker assistance in ice-covered waters is provided for policy makers and shipping companies.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMarine Design XIII
EditorsPentti Kujala, Liangliang Lu
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Marine Design Conference - Otaniemi, Espoo, Finland
Duration: 10 Jun 201814 Jun 2018
Conference number: 13


ConferenceInternational Marine Design Conference
Abbreviated titleIMDC
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ID: 32195568