Cohesive-frictional interface model for timber-concrete contacts

Joonas Jaaranen*, Gerhard Fink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
156 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents a two-dimensional interface model for timber-concrete contacts, that has been developed based on the empirical observations from a set of friction tests and additional micromechanical assumptions. In tangential direction, the interface model accounts initial bonding and debonding between the surfaces, different static and kinetic friction as well as smooth transition between them, effects of load reversal, pressure-dependence in friction and sticking stiffness and slip softening over increasing cumulative slip. In normal direction, simple linear cohesive and pressure-overclosure behaviour is assumed. The model has been formulated in cohesive-frictional interface framework, coupling damage-based cohesive behaviour with elastoplasticity-based frictional behaviour. The model has been tested in various cases and verified by comparison on a set of 27 tests on timber-concrete contact pairs under cyclic loading with varying normal pressure and multiple different material pairs. The interface model is able to capture relevant parts of the experimentally observed tangential behaviour, indicating suitability to present timber-concrete interface behaviour under cyclic loading. (c) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (

Original languageEnglish
Article number111174
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Bonding
  • Cyclic loading
  • Friction
  • Interface model
  • Timber-concrete


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