Co-creation and co-design in technology-enhanced learning: Innovating science learning outside the classroom

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Innovation in technology-enhanced learning (TEL) is a complex process that requires the active involvement of diverse actors. This paper elaborates on two design innovation approaches that call for the active involvement of stakeholders: co-creation and co-design. While co-creation and co-design are well aligned, they are rooted in different traditions. We argue that co-creation and co-design can contribute to TEL innovation, and we present a design research case based on a research and innovation project that uses co-creation and co-design to innovate in science learning outside the classroom. Based on a qualitative analysis of the project co-creation and co-design outputs, we elaborate on the key differences between co-creation and co-design and highlight the main implications these differences have for TEL innovation.


Original languageEnglish
Article number42
Pages (from-to)202 – 226
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • TEL innovation, co-creation, Co-design, science learning

ID: 39345643