The growth in the demand of energy, and its consequent contribution to the greenhouse effect, gives rise to new challenges in the design of future wireless networks. Keeping in mind these requirements, in this article we study the power allocation problem in the downlink of an orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) system, where two (or more) coordinated transmission points (CTPs) should find the best way to allocate their transmit power through the multiple orthogonal sub-channels of the system. The ultimate goal of the power allocation scheme is to minimize the joint power consumption of the system, but verifying at the same time the target throughput and the individual power constraint per CTP. The power allocation problem is formulated as a constrained optimization problem, and a group of closed-form power allocation solutions are derived. Based on the derived solutions (that take the form of the traditional water-filling but demanding cooperation among CTPs), a novel power allocation algorithm with joint minimization power consumption (JMPC-PA) is proposed. Numerical results are presented to verify the optimality of the results that were obtained by the JMPC-PA scheme. It is important to note that, due to the flexibility that exist in the definition of CTPs in this article, the derived power allocation scheme is valid for any kind of network that incorporates the coordinated multipoint transmission feature in its design.
|Journal||EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- power Allocation
- coordinated multi-point transmission (CoMP)
- orthogonal frequency division multiplexing access (OFDMA)
- water-filling (WF)