Chemical modification of fast-growing eucalyptus wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Researchers

Research units

  • Universidade Federal do Parana
  • University of the Basque Country
  • Universidade Federal de Pelotas

Abstract

In this study, a new simple method for chemical modification of wood from fast-growing Eucalyptus saligna (blue gum) was tested by a two-step treatment with methacryloyl chloride. The wood samples were submerged in a solution of 10 % methacryloyl chloride in dichloromethane for 15 h and then exposed to three temperatures: air dried, 50 and 100 °C for 2 h. The chemical modifications of the wood were examined by ATR-IR and 13C CP/MAS solid-state NMR; quantitative chemical composition of wood samples by means of wet chemical quantification, HPLC, TGA; colorimetric evaluation by CIELAB method and UV–Vis spectroscopy. Water uptake tests were also performed. A partial substitution of the hydroxyl by methacrylate groups on the cell wall of blue gum wood was observed, and also loss of a hemicelluloses fraction after the treatments. The colour change increased with increasing temperature in the second step of the treatment. Dimensional stability and water repellence were improved by 40–50 and 60–75 %, respectively.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-288
Number of pages16
JournalWood Science and Technology
Volume49
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

ID: 21730751