The ever-increasing population of India accompanied by the recent concerns regarding fossil fuel depletion and environmental pollution has made it indispensable to develop alternate mode of transportation. Electric vehicle (EV) market in India is expanding. For acceptance of EVs among the masses, development of charging infrastructure is of paramount importance. This paper formulates and solves the charging infrastructure-planning problem for Guwahati, India, that will develop as a smart city soon. The allocation of charging station problem was framed in a multi-objective framework considering the economic factors, power grid characteristics, such as voltage stability, reliability, power loss, as well as EV user's convenience, and random road traffic. The placement problem was solved by using a Pareto dominance-based hybrid algorithm amalgamating chicken swarm optimization (CSO) and the teaching learning-based optimization (TLBO) algorithm. Finally, the Pareto optimal solutions were compared by fuzzy decision-making.
- charging station
- electric vehicle