Characterizing 3d city modeling projects : Towards a harmonized interoperable system

Arttu Julin*, Kaisa Jaalama, Juho Pekka Virtanen, Matti Pouke, Johanna Ylipulli, Matti Vaaja, Juha Hyyppä, Hannu Hyyppä

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)
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3D city models have become common geospatial data assets for cities that can be utilized in numerous fields, in tasks related to planning, visualization, and decision-making among others. We present a study of 3D city modeling focusing on the six largest cities in Finland. The study portrays a contradiction between the realized 3D city modeling projects and the expectations towards them: models do not appear to reach the broad applicability envisioned. In order to deal with contradiction and to support the development of future 3D city models, characteristics of different operational cultures in 3D city modeling are presented, and a concept for harmonizing the 3D city modeling is suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Article number55
Number of pages18
JournalISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • 3d city modeling
  • 3D geoinformation
  • 3D GIS
  • Interoperability
  • Socio-Technical system


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