The smelting technology and flue dust treatment have an influence on the physical and chemical characteristics of flue dusts collected in copper smelting. We characterized flue dusts from a Bottom-Blowing Bath Smelting (BBS) process and from a Flash Smelting (FS) process by determining their comprehensive physical, chemical, and mineralogical characteristics. Annual flue dust generation data showed that the rate of the BBS process (2 to 3 pct) was clearly lower than that of FS process (5 to 6 pct). The results revealed that copper smelting flue dusts from the FS exhibited a larger entrainment of solids and a smaller particle size than the BBS. The crystallographic and chemical compositions of the samples indicated that the FS flue dusts have a higher degree of crystallinity than those of the BBS. Fe3O4, CuSO4 and PbSO4, Fe3O4, CuFe5O8 were the predominant crystalline phases in the FS and BBS flue dusts, respectively. In the FS and BBS flue dusts, amorphous multicomponent Cu-Zn-FeOx and Cu-Zn-S phases were formed, respectively. Mineralogical examinations and a stepwise chemical extraction confirmed that the majority of arsenic existed in amorphous form and mostly as pentavalent As5+ arsenate or As2O5 except that in BBS-ESPD.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science|
|Early online date||26 Aug 2020|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2020|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|