Characterisation of divertor detachment onset in JET-ILW hydrogen, deuterium, tritium and deuterium–tritium low-confinement mode plasmas

M. Groth*, V. Solokha, S. Aleiferis, S. Brezinsek, M. Brix, I. S. Carvalho, P. Carvalho, G. Corrigan, D. Harting, N. Horsten, I. Jepu, J. Karhunen, K. Kirov, B. Lomanowski, K. D. Lawson, C. Lowry, A. G. Meigs, S. Menmuir, E. Pawelec, T. PereiraA. Shaw, S. Silburn, B. Thomas, S. Wiesen, P. Börner, D. Borodin, S. Jachmich, D. Reiter, G. Sergienko, Z. Stancar, B. Viola, P. Beaumont, J. Bernardo, I. Coffey, N. J. Conway, E. de la Luna, D. Douai, C. Giroud, J. Hillesheim, L. Horvath, A. Huber, P. Lomas, C. F. Maggi, M. Maslov, C. Perez von Thun, S. Scully, N. Vianello, M. Wischmeier, JET Contributors

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Measurements of the ion currents to and plasma conditions at the low-field side (LFS) divertor target plate in low-confinement mode plasmas in the JET ITER-like wall materials configuration show that the core plasma density required to detach the LFS divertor plasma is independent of the hydrogenic species protium, deuterium and tritium, and a 40 %/60 % deuterium–tritium mixture. This observation applies to a divertor plasma configuration with the LFS strike line connected to the horizontal part of the LFS divertor chosen because of its superior diagnostic coverage. The finding is independent of the operational status of the JET cryogenic pump. The electron temperature (Te) at the LFS strike line was markedly reduced from 25 eV to 5 eV over a narrow range of increasing core plasma density, and observed to be between 2 eV and 3 eV at the onset of detachment. The electron density (ne) peaks across the LFS plasma when Te at the target plate is 1 eV, and spatially moves to the X-point for higher core densities. The density limit was found approximately 20 % higher in protium than in tritium and deuterium–tritium plasmas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101345
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
Early online dateDec 2022
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Detachment
  • Hydrogen isotopes
  • JET


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