Chaetomium and chaetomium-like species from European indoor environments include Dichotomopilus finlandicus sp. nov.

Orsolya Kedves, Sándor Kocsubé, Teodóra Bata, Maria A. Andersson, Johanna M. Salo, Raimo Mikkola, Heidi Salonen, Attila Szűcs, Alfonz Kedves, Zoltán Kónya, Csaba Vágvölgyi, Donát Magyar, László Kredics*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The genus Chaetomium is a frequently occurring fungal taxon world-wide. Chaetomium and Chaetomium-like species occur in indoor environments, where they can degrade cellulose-based building materials, thereby causing structural damage. Furthermore, several species of this genus may also cause adverse effects on human health. The aims of this research were to identify Chaetomium and Chaetomium-like strains isolated from indoor environments in Hungary and Finland, two geographi-cally distant regions of Europe with drier and wetter continental climates, respectively, and to study their morphological and physiological properties, as well as their extracellular enzyme activities, thereby comparing the Chaetomium and Chaetomium-like species isolated from these two different regions of Europe and their properties. Chaetomium and Chaetomium-like strains were isolated from flats and offices in Hungary, as well as from schools, flats, and offices in Finland. Fragments of the translation elongation factor 1α (tef1α), the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II (rpb2) and β-tubulin (tub2) genes, as well as the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the ribosomal RNA gene cluster were sequenced, and phylogenetic analysis of the sequences performed. Morphological examinations were performed by stereomicroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Thirty-one Chaetomium sp. strains (15 from Hungary and 16 from Finland) were examined during the study. The most abundant species was Ch. globosum in both countries. In Hungary, 13 strains were identified as Ch. globosum, 1 as Ch. cochliodes, and 1 as Ch. interruptum. In Finland, 10 strains were Ch. globosum, 2 strains were Ch. cochliodes, 2 were Ch. rectangulare, and 2 isolates (SZMC 26527, SZMC 26529) proved to be representatives of a yet undescribed phylogenetic species from the closely related genus Dichotomopilus, which we formally describe here as the new species Dichotomopilus finlandicus. Growth of the isolates was examined at different temperatures (4, 15, 20, 25, 30, 37, 35, 40, and 45 C), while their extracellular enzyme production was determined spectrophotometrically.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1133
Number of pages19
JournalPathogens
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Chaetomium
  • Dichotomopilus
  • Extracellular enzymes
  • Indoor environment

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Chaetomium and chaetomium-like species from European indoor environments include Dichotomopilus finlandicus sp. nov.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this