CFD Simulations of Fire Propagation in Horizontal Cable Trays Using a Pyrolysis Model with Stochastically Determined Geometry

Alexandra Viitanen, Simo Hostikka, Jukka Vaari*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, a pyrolysis model for a PVC cable is constructed using results from thermogravimetric analysis, microscale combustion calorimeter and cone calorimeter experiments. The pyrolysis model is used to simulate fire propagation in horizontal cable trays. The simulated arrangement corresponds to a cable tray fire experiment from OECD PRISME 2 project. As laying the cables loosely along the horizontal trays is a random process, a novel stochastic method is developed for making the simplified cable tray geometries for the computational fluid dynamics model. In addition, as the simplified cable tray geometry has significantly smaller surface area than a real tray full of cables, the surface area was parametrically adjusted. In contrast to most of the earlier published numerical approaches for simulating cable tray fires, the presented approach does not use empirical correlations for predicting fire propagation and does not require any results from full-scale experiments for calibrating the model. The simulation results are compared to experimental results in terms of heat release rate, mass loss, tray ignition times and lateral flame spread rates. The maximum heat release rate was overpredicted by 8% on average.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3039-3065
Number of pages27
JournalFire Technology
Volume58
Issue number5
Early online date30 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Cable tray
  • Fire spread
  • Pyrolysis
  • CFD
  • NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS
  • ELECTRIC CABLES
  • SPREAD
  • TESTS

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'CFD Simulations of Fire Propagation in Horizontal Cable Trays Using a Pyrolysis Model with Stochastically Determined Geometry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this