Cellulose-lignin composite fibres as precursors for carbon fibres. Part 1 – Manufacturing and properties of precursor fibres

Mikaela Trogen, Nguyen Duc Le, Daisuke Sawada, Chamseddine Guizani, Tainise Vergara Lourençon, Leena Pitkänen, Herbert Sixta, Riddhi Shah, Hugh O'Neill, Mikhail Balakshin, Nolene Byrne, Michael Hummel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cellulose-lignin composite fibres were spun from ionic liquid (IL) solutions by dry-jet wet spinning. Birch pre-hydrolysed Kraft (PHK) pulp and organosolv beech (BL) or spruce lignin (SL) were dissolved in the IL 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-enium acetate ([DBNH]OAc) to prepare spinning dopes. Fibres with lignin concentrations of up to 50 % were spun successfully. The fibres were analysed focusing on important properties for the production of carbon fibres (CF). Due to the higher molar mass of the SL compared to the BL, SL showed higher stability in the spinning process, giving higher lignin content in the final fibres. The CF yield after carbonization increased with increasing lignin content. The higher carbon content of SL compared to BL, resulted in moderately higher CF yield of the SL fibres, compared to fibres with BL. Overall, the produced cellulose-lignin composite fibres show great potential as precursors for CF production.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117133
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume252
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Carbon fibres
  • Fibres
  • Ionic liquid
  • Precursor
  • Spinning

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