Cellulose carbamate derived cellulose thin films: preparation, characterization and blending with cellulose xanthate

Michael Weißl, Mathias Andreas Hobisch, Leena Sisko Johansson, Kay Hettrich, Eero Kontturi, Bert Volkert, Stefan Spirk*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

108 Downloads (Pure)


Cellulose carbamate (CC) was employed as a water-soluble precursor in the manufacturing of cellulose based thin films using the spin coating technique. An intriguing observation was that during spin coating of CC from alkaline aqueous solutions, regeneration to cellulose was accomplished without the addition of any further chemicals. After rinsing, homogeneous thin films with tunable layer thickness in a range between 20 and 80 nm were obtained. Further, CC was blended with cellulose xanthate in different ratios (3:1, 1:1, 1:3) and after regeneration the properties of the resulting all-cellulose blend thin films were investigated. We could observe some slight indications of phase separation by means of atomic force microscopy. The layer thickness of the blend thin films was nearly independent of the ratio of the components, with values between 50 and 60 nm for the chosen conditions. The water uptake capability (80–90% relative to the film mass) determined by H2O/D2O exchange in a quartz crystal microbalance was independent of the blend ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7399–7410
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • All cellulose blend films
  • Cellulose carbamate
  • Cellulose swelling
  • Cellulose thin film
  • Cellulose xanthate

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Cellulose carbamate derived cellulose thin films: preparation, characterization and blending with cellulose xanthate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Projects

    CERES: Competence Center for the materials Bioeconomy: A Flagship for our Sustainable Future

    Mäkelä, K.


    Project: Academy of Finland: Other research funding

    Cite this