Cellular IoT Traffic Characterization and Evolution

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Standard

Cellular IoT Traffic Characterization and Evolution. / Finley, Benjamin; Vesselkov, Alexandr.

IEEE 5th World Forum on Internet of Things, WF-IoT 2019 - Conference Proceedings. IEEE, 2019. p. 622-627 8767323.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Finley, B & Vesselkov, A 2019, Cellular IoT Traffic Characterization and Evolution. in IEEE 5th World Forum on Internet of Things, WF-IoT 2019 - Conference Proceedings., 8767323, IEEE, pp. 622-627, IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things, Limerick, Ireland, 15/04/2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/WF-IoT.2019.8767323

APA

Finley, B., & Vesselkov, A. (2019). Cellular IoT Traffic Characterization and Evolution. In IEEE 5th World Forum on Internet of Things, WF-IoT 2019 - Conference Proceedings (pp. 622-627). [8767323] IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/WF-IoT.2019.8767323

Vancouver

Finley B, Vesselkov A. Cellular IoT Traffic Characterization and Evolution. In IEEE 5th World Forum on Internet of Things, WF-IoT 2019 - Conference Proceedings. IEEE. 2019. p. 622-627. 8767323 https://doi.org/10.1109/WF-IoT.2019.8767323

Author

Finley, Benjamin ; Vesselkov, Alexandr. / Cellular IoT Traffic Characterization and Evolution. IEEE 5th World Forum on Internet of Things, WF-IoT 2019 - Conference Proceedings. IEEE, 2019. pp. 622-627

Bibtex - Download

@inproceedings{66f808ec22d14d2ab81c30f0d7140c83,
title = "Cellular IoT Traffic Characterization and Evolution",
abstract = "The adoption of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies is increasing and thus IoT is seemingly shifting from hype to reality. However, the actual use of IoT over significant timescales has not been empirically analyzed. In other words the reality remains unexplored. Furthermore, despite the variety of IoT verticals, the use of IoT across vertical industries has not been compared. This paper uses a two-year IoT dataset from a major Finnish mobile network operator to investigate different aspects of cellular IoT traffic including temporal evolution and the use of IoT devices across industries. We present a variety of novel findings. For example, our results show that IoT traffic volume per device increased three-fold over the last two years. Additionally, we illustrate diversity in IoT usage among different industries with orders of magnitude differences in traffic volume and device mobility. Though we also note that the daily traffic patterns of all devices can be clustered into only three patterns, differing mainly in the presence and timing of a peak hour. Finally, we illustrate that the share of LTE-enabled IoT devices has remained low at around 2{\%} and 30{\%} of IoT devices are still GPRS-only.",
keywords = "Cellular Network, Empirical Measurements, IoT, M2M",
author = "Benjamin Finley and Alexandr Vesselkov",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1109/WF-IoT.2019.8767323",
language = "English",
pages = "622--627",
booktitle = "IEEE 5th World Forum on Internet of Things, WF-IoT 2019 - Conference Proceedings",
publisher = "IEEE",

}

RIS - Download

TY - GEN

T1 - Cellular IoT Traffic Characterization and Evolution

AU - Finley, Benjamin

AU - Vesselkov, Alexandr

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The adoption of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies is increasing and thus IoT is seemingly shifting from hype to reality. However, the actual use of IoT over significant timescales has not been empirically analyzed. In other words the reality remains unexplored. Furthermore, despite the variety of IoT verticals, the use of IoT across vertical industries has not been compared. This paper uses a two-year IoT dataset from a major Finnish mobile network operator to investigate different aspects of cellular IoT traffic including temporal evolution and the use of IoT devices across industries. We present a variety of novel findings. For example, our results show that IoT traffic volume per device increased three-fold over the last two years. Additionally, we illustrate diversity in IoT usage among different industries with orders of magnitude differences in traffic volume and device mobility. Though we also note that the daily traffic patterns of all devices can be clustered into only three patterns, differing mainly in the presence and timing of a peak hour. Finally, we illustrate that the share of LTE-enabled IoT devices has remained low at around 2% and 30% of IoT devices are still GPRS-only.

AB - The adoption of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies is increasing and thus IoT is seemingly shifting from hype to reality. However, the actual use of IoT over significant timescales has not been empirically analyzed. In other words the reality remains unexplored. Furthermore, despite the variety of IoT verticals, the use of IoT across vertical industries has not been compared. This paper uses a two-year IoT dataset from a major Finnish mobile network operator to investigate different aspects of cellular IoT traffic including temporal evolution and the use of IoT devices across industries. We present a variety of novel findings. For example, our results show that IoT traffic volume per device increased three-fold over the last two years. Additionally, we illustrate diversity in IoT usage among different industries with orders of magnitude differences in traffic volume and device mobility. Though we also note that the daily traffic patterns of all devices can be clustered into only three patterns, differing mainly in the presence and timing of a peak hour. Finally, we illustrate that the share of LTE-enabled IoT devices has remained low at around 2% and 30% of IoT devices are still GPRS-only.

KW - Cellular Network

KW - Empirical Measurements

KW - IoT

KW - M2M

U2 - 10.1109/WF-IoT.2019.8767323

DO - 10.1109/WF-IoT.2019.8767323

M3 - Conference contribution

SP - 622

EP - 627

BT - IEEE 5th World Forum on Internet of Things, WF-IoT 2019 - Conference Proceedings

PB - IEEE

ER -

ID: 32085426