Catalytic roles of Mo-based sites on MoS2 for ethanolysis of enzymatic hydrolysis lignin into aromatic monomers

Kai Wu, Yushuai Sang, Saravanan Kasipandi, Yiming Ma, Hairui Jiao, Qingfeng Liu, Hong Chen*, Yongdan Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The depolymerization of enzymatic hydrolysis lignin (EHL) is examined over one-step hydrothermal-synthesized MoS2 in ethanol without hydrogen gas. Value-added aromatic molecules, mainly including alkyl-substituted phenols (A-Ps), are obtained without char or tar formation. The MoS2 samples prepared with different Mo and S precursors have been tested and the highest aromatic monomer yield of 226.4 mg/g EHL is achieved over the MoS2 prepared with thioacetamide and sodium molybdate as precursors (STA-MoS2) at 320 °C for 12 h. Proper ratios of Mo6+/Mo5+ (~0.46–0.65) and (Mo6++Mo5+)/Mo4+ (~0.47–0.62) on the surface of MoS2 catalysts are found to be significant for the achievement of high overall aromatic monomer yield. MoOxSy species with Mo5+ and S22- is proposed as the active site for the production of complex alkyl phenols via demethoxylation and alkylation. The carbon deposition and the exchanges of sulfur and oxygen atoms resulted from the oxidization are likely responsible for the deactivation of catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCatalysis Today
Early online date21 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Mar 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Alkylphenols
  • Aromatic monomers
  • Biomass
  • Lignin depolymerization
  • Molybdenum sulfide

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