Catalytic Conversion of Microcrystalline Cellulose to Glucose and 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural over a Niobic Acid Catalyst
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- Tianjin University
The catalytic conversion of microcrystalline cellulose is examined over a niobic acid catalyst (NBO) prepared by an alkali fusion method. The catalytic activity of NBO is significantly affected by the reaction conditions and further acid treatment. The highest 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) yield of 7.0 mol % and a glucose yield of 17.7 mol % at a cellulose conversion of 54.2% are achieved at 230 °C for 2 h. The H2SO4-treated (NBS) and H3PO4-treated (NBP) samples both show greatly improved performance over NBO due to the introduction of strong acid sites and the increase in specific surface area. NBS gives a glucose yield of 26.0 mol % and an HMF yield of 14.1 mol %, while NBP exhibits a glucose yield of 21.4 mol % and an HMF yield of 15.5 mol %. NBO shows excellent recyclability for the catalytic hydrolysis of cellulose. The recovered NBS and NBP samples can be regenerated by calcination and subsequent acid treatment.
|Journal||Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2019|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|