Carbon Nanotube Fiber Pretreatments for Electrodeposition of Copper

Pyry-Mikko Hannula, Minttu Junnila, Dawid Janas, Jari Aromaa, Olof Forsen, Mari Lundström

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There is increasing interest towards developing carbon nanotube-copper (CNT-Cu) composites due to potentially improved properties. Carbon nanotube macroscopic materials typically exhibit high resistivity, low electrochemical reactivity, and the presence of impurities, which impede its use as a substrate for electrochemical deposition of metals. In this research, different CNT
fiber pretreatment methods, such as heat treatment, immersion in Watts bath, anodization, and exposure to boric acid (H3BO3), were investigated to improve the electrochemical response for copper deposition. It was shown that these treatments affect the surface activity of CNTs, including electrical resistivity, polarization resistance, and active surface area, which influence the electrodeposition process of copper. Properties of CNT structures and CNT-Cu composites were researched by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), galvanostatic copper deposition, scanning electron microscope (SEM), and four-point electrical resistance measurements. Heat treatment, Watts bath, anodization, and boric acid treatments were shown to be effective for
modifying the CNT surface reactivity for subsequent electrochemical deposition of copper.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3071913
Number of pages8
JournalAdvances in Materials Science and Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 11 Feb 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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