Cache Policy Design via Reinforcement Learning for Cellular Networks in Non-Stationary Environment

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Abstract

We consider wireless caching both at the network edge and at User Equipment (UE) to alleviate traffic congestion, aiming to find a joint cache placement and delivery policy by maximizing the Quality of Service (QoS) while minimizing backhaul load and User Equipment (UE) power consumption. We assume unknown and time-variant file popularities which are affected by the UE cache content, leading to a non-stationary Partial Observable Markov Decision Process (POMDP). We address this problem in a deep reinforcement learning framework, employing Feed Forward Neural Network (FFNN) and Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) networks in conjunction with Advantageous Actor Critic (A2C) algorithm. LSTM exploits the correlation of the file popularity distribution across time slots to learn information of the dynamics of the environment and A2C algorithm is used due to its ability of handling continuous and high dimensional spaces. We leverage LSTM and A2C tools based on its virtue to find an optimal solution for the POMDP environment. Simulation results show that using LSTM-based A2C outperforms a FFNN-based A2C in terms of sample efficiency and optimality. An LSTM-based A2C gives a superior performance under the non-stationary POMDP paradigm.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2023 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops
Subtitle of host publicationSustainable Communications for Renaissance, ICC Workshops 2023
PublisherIEEE
Pages764-769
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)979-8-3503-3307-7
ISBN (Print)979-8-3503-3308-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2023
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventIEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops - Rome, Italy
Duration: 28 May 20231 Jun 2023

Publication series

Name IEEE International Conference on Communications workshops
PublisherIEEE
ISSN (Electronic)2694-2941

Workshop

WorkshopIEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops
Abbreviated titleICC Workshops
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityRome
Period28/05/202301/06/2023

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