Business Models for Local 5G Micro Operators

Petri Ahokangas, Marja Matinmikko-Blue, Seppo Yrjöla, Veikko Seppänen, Heikki Hammainen, Risto Jurva, Matti Latva-aho

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
522 Downloads (Pure)


5G will change the mobile communication business ecosystem by introducing location specific high-quality wireless networks that can by operated by different stakeholders. This development will change the traditional business models and ecosystem roles, as well as open the market for new local mobile network operators. These operators, such as recently introduced micro operators, can target specific customers in different vertical sectors with closed 5G networks, serve mobile network operator’s (MNO) customers in high-demand areas on behalf of the MNO as a neutral host with open 5G networks, or mix different types of customers and offerings through various hybrid business models. This paper discusses business model options for local 5G micro operators, addressing also the different network deployment options. Three generic 5G business models and respective value ecosystems are presented: Vertical business model and ecosystem, Horizontal business model and ecosystem, and Oblique business model and ecosystem. Finally, the scalability, adaptability and sustainability of the business models and ecosystems are examined.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 IEEE International Symposium on Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks (DySPAN)
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-5191-9
ISBN (Print)978-1-5386-5192-6
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE International Symposium on Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 22 Oct 201825 Oct 2018

Publication series

NameIEEE International Symposium on Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks
ISSN (Print)2334-3125


ConferenceIEEE International Symposium on Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks
Abbreviated titleDySPAN
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
City Seoul


  • Business
  • Biological system modeling
  • 5G mobile communication
  • Ecosystems
  • Adaptation models
  • Analytical models
  • Context modeling
  • business model
  • mobile network operator
  • spectrum sharing
  • micro operator
  • 5G.1


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