Bus Stop Spotting: A Field Experiment Comparing 2D Maps, Augmented Reality and 3D Maps

Antti O.I. Nurminen, Konsta Sirvio

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Urban environments can be challenging to navigate due to the often ambiguous, sometimes even repetitive cues, combined with the cognitive pressure of busy surroundings. The last step of navigation, reaching the goal, may still be frustrating for an unfamiliar target. We pursue a visualization for instantaneous identification of a proximal but ambiguous target, freeing us from turn-by-turn guidance. We present a field experiment for bus stop spotting in a central public transport hub using a 2D map, augmented reality (AR), and realistic 3D maps at oblique bird's eye view and at ground level. 3D Bird's eye view provided fastest responses and highest success rates. AR and 2D map provided slowest responses and lowest success rates. 3D ground level view performed between these, but without a significant difference to AR and 2D map. 3D Bird's Eye view was considered the most useful modality by subjects, and was also selected as the preferred modality.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of MobileHCI 2021 - ACM International Conference on Mobile Human-Computer Interaction
Subtitle of host publicationMobile Apart, MobileTogether
PublisherACM
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781450383288
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Sep 2021
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services - Virtual, Online, France
Duration: 27 Sep 20211 Oct 2021
Conference number: 23

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services
Abbreviated titleMobileHCI
Country/TerritoryFrance
CityVirtual, Online
Period27/09/202101/10/2021

Keywords

  • 3D maps
  • augmented reality
  • field experiments
  • navigation
  • Spatial interfaces

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